The food habits of deer are not so different from other animals. They eat most of the time woody plants, leaves, vines, weeds, and many other flower plants. They sometimes eat grass when the grass is green, young and soft. In the winter or summer, there creates a food shortage for deer.
Sufficient deer food is normally available in the spring or fall season as there are a calm temperature and increasing rainfall. Different types of food are essential for the deer for their survival and production.
Here we have discussed some popular food habits of deer. They are-
Food habits of deer
Deer have the ruminant characteristic. They have the stomach divided into parts. This system works well when they eat and most of the time while moving. The eaten plants go to the stomach (1st part of the stomach). When deer come to rest or lay down, then it chews the food similar to the cow.
For these characteristics, the deer eat in the night. In the day they move in various places to search for different food sources. For example, they sometimes eat while going from one end to another or to bedding areas.
It is another reason that the deer stay rarely at one spot for a long time except for the sleeping time or when they give birth or when they don’t have any option (for example, if there is deep snow or the weather is very critical).
This also refers that deer sometimes have a varied diet as various plants grow in other areas. Their diet varies from season to season. They eat available food. In the winter season, it is hard for them to find the food for themselves. So, they eat many barks, buds, etc at that time.
A deer eats different types of plants and different plant species are important for deer at a different time. Their importance varies from year to year as they depend on the environment or weather condition.
10 most popular food habits of deer
1. Eating different plants
There are some plants that are frequently eaten by deer.
Grass: There are many types of grass such as winter grass, rescue-grass, panic-grass, witch-grass, rushes and other types of wild grass.
Forb: There are many forbs such as euphorbias, clover, bay-flower, Illinois-bundle flower. There are other types of forbs like lettuce, wild-bean, onion, verbena, snout-bean, ground-cherry, spider-wort, plantain, partridge pea, etc.
Browse: wild-cherry, mulberry, wild-grape, blackberry, American beauty-berry, oak leaves and corn, china-berry, hackberry, dew-berry, walnut, green-briar, etc.
The food habits of deer also depend on the age of the deer. Some habits are given below:
2. Concentrate choosers
A deer is a concentrate chooser. They consume nutrients, the high palatable food of the time. Sometimes they eat plants, green grass. They normally don’t eat the whole plant; they just eat the best portion of that.
After that, they lay down and regurgitate their eaten food and chew the cud and after that they digest it.
3. They love food
Food is everything for deer. It doesn’t matter what the season is, they are always crazy about it. Mature deer select their bedding zone depends on the safety. Bucks travel long distances for searching for better food sources.
In the region where they do not get pressure, then they sacrifice some safety of bedding for searching food sources. In those regions which are pressured the bucks travel more and they won’t be seen ever in the main food source.
In that case, you may hunt more distance close to their bedding zone and away from their food source.
4. Eat-in staging region first
Sometimes deer can be seen eating in a staging region. You can easily find those locations simply in bedding sites and their major sources of food.
5. Take winding routes to their food source
Small and young bucks usually take their direct route. Normally they do not care about the precautions like the mature deer. The old deer take their meandering direction to their food source.
The mature deer play with the thermal and the wind. They travel their routes which seems strategic to them. To understand this formula for hunting, you have to research the place.
6. They don’t take the main food source until dark
It has been said earlier that mature deer don’t take the main food source until the sunsets. This is their survival technique.
7. The deer like rain
It has been noticed that the young deer and the mature deer like to shift their place after heavy rain. Experts have failed to find the reason for this behavior.
8. Food taste varies
Food taste varies from deer to deer. Each deer has various personalities. So, their food source will be different from each other. Some deer-like beans.
Some like corn. Some deer-like browse or plants. So, the food taste varies from one to another. It depends upon the environment where they were raised.
9. The Deer take a vacation
A study proved that deer travel on expeditions. The deer leave house range, they go somewhere for a short time period. This expedition can limit hours or days. Nowadays they take those expeditions periodically.
Experts don’t know the reason for these vacations. But this is not maybe the reason for food. It may be that they search for food sources. So, if you see a deer disappears on hunting it may be gone for the excursions.
Deer have many characteristics. Their food sources always change day by day because of their bedding zone, traveling routes, behavior changes.
10. Deer takes meal during the day
Deer move during the day sometimes. The bucks don’t always lay down in the dusk. The bucks get up for feeding and drinking. They sometimes get up for relieving themselves. Moreover, mature deer do their feeding during the day and it is usually 100-150 of a yard from the bedding zone.
That was all about the popular food habits of deer. I hope this information will be helpful for your deer feeding plans or your study research. Best of luck!